The electrocatalysis of oxygen evolution reaction on La1−xCaxFeO3−δ perovskites in alkaline solution

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2018
Authors  Sankannavar, R.; Sarkar, A.
Journal Title  International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume  43
Issue  9
Pages  4682-4690
Journal Date  03/2018
Publisher  Elsevier Ltd.
Key Words  Water electrolysis; Oxygen evolution reaction; Perovskite; Rietveld refinement; Oxidation state

The electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on iron based perovskites with composition La1−xCaxFeO3−δ (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) in alkaline solution has been investigated. The perovskite samples were synthesized by combustion method. Energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to determine the bulk and the surface composition, respectively. The X-ray diffraction and iodometric titration method were employed to examine the phases and the oxidation state, respectively. It was observed that incorporation of calcium (Ca2+) ions in the lattice of LaFeO3 decreases the lattice parameters and the cell volume systematically as evaluated by Rietveld method. Furthermore, increase in the degree of Ca2+ substitution from 0.0 to 1.0, increases the average oxidation state of iron from Fe3+ to Fe4+ in addition to creating oxygen vacancies. The evaluation of OER kinetics on a rotating disk electrode setup suggests that incorporation of Ca2+ decreases the activity initially (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4), but further substitution increases the activity. The maximum activity was observed for x = 1.0. This change in the OER activity suggests an interplay between the bond lengths and angles, oxygen vacancy and the average oxidation state of Fe.

Citation Key  sankannavar2018
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