Upcoming Interdisciplinary Technology Branches

Advice for career choices at 10+2

This short document covers the following interdisciplinary fields at IIT-Bombay:

    1. Chemical Engineering
    2. Materials Science
    3. Bio Medical Engineering
    4. Biotechnology

For each subject, the following are covered:

    1. Introduction
    2. How to get a degree
    3. Useful skills
    4. Upcoming specialization
    5. Employment avenues

General Advice at +2 level (and before):

  1. Take PCMB: it gives you greater choices at the first degree as well as later in life
  2. Learn Computers:
  3. Hardware (how to assemble your own PC & maintain it)

    Software (Office, VB,C, Linux, HTML, CGI/Perl, Java, MySQL)

  4. Take up technical hobbies like photography, ham radio, electronics, mechanics
  5. Don't be scared to do both +2 (HSC) and JEE together




(1) Introduction

Biotechnology is the application of biological organisms and materials produced by them to manufacturing and service industries such as therapeutics, diagnostics, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, horticulture, food and environment. It is an interdisciplinary science involving biology: Microbiology, genetics, immunology etc. and technology: chemical, mechanical, electronic engg.

(2) Training

PCM at +2 level




BSc with industrial chemistry and biotech is offered by 14 colleges in Bombay.

MSc is a 2 yr. Programme. JNU holds CET for 20 univ. offering MSc in BioTech including Goa Univ., BHU Varanasi, Pune Univ., Ahmedabad Univ.

IIT-B offers 2 yr. MSc in Biotech. Eligibility is BSc with adequate background in Chemistry/Bioscience. IIT-B also offers PhD in Biotech.


MSc / MBBS / M.vs. / M.Pharm. OR

BTech / M.Tech with valid GATE score


(3) Useful Skills

  1. Knowledge of Computer
  2. Technical hobbies
  3. Interest in biology + math

(4) Upcoming Specialization

  1. Genetic engg
  2. Biological fuel generation
  3. Environmental biotech
  4. Food & beverage tech
  5. Biochemical Engineering
  6. Bioinformatics
  7. Biocatalysis

(5) Employment Avenues

  1. Pharmaceutical companies
  2. Food processing industry: Dairy, Brewery, Cheese, Baked products, Artificial Sweetener
  3. Flavours & Fragrances
  4. Agricultural technology - high yield crops
  5. Higher education e.g. Post Doc in the U.S.



(1) Introduction

BME is an interdisciplinary subject in which the principles and tools of traditional engineering fields such as chemical, electronics, mechanical, electric and materials are applied to biomedical problems. It includes a wide array of subjects such as basic research in physiology, bioinstrumentation, bio materials cellular engineering, molecular engineering, medical imaging, telemedicines, manufacture of hearing aids, artificial joints, dialysis machines etc.

(2) Training

UG in Bio Med possible. PG is better, e.g. at IIT- Prerequisites

B.Tech / B.E. in many engg.


MBBS with PCM at + 2 level

Valid GATE score essential.

For MBBS graduates candidates must have cleared AIIMS/MCI entrance exam.

(3) Useful Skills

  1. Knowledge of computers: C, Fortran, Unix
  2. Interest in math + biology
  3. Technical hobbies like photography, ham radio


(4) Upcoming Specialization

  1. Biomaterials
  2. Cellular and Tissue Engineering
  3. Medical imaging
  4. Telemedicine
  5. Aids for sensory handicapped
  6. Clinical diagnostic instrumentation
  7. Biointerfacing (biowires and biocontacts)

(5) Employment Avenues

i) Electronic equipment manufacturers

e.g. Ultrasound machines

CT / MRI / PET Scanners


BP apps.

ii) Hospital Equipment Mfs.

e.g. Ventilators


iii) Surgical expt. Mfrs.

e.g. operating microscopes robots

iv) Biomedical devices

e.g. glucometers

Syringes, needles


Cardiac catheters


(1) Introduction

Materials Science &Engineering is an interdisciplinary study. It combines metallurgy, physics, chemistry and engineering. Materials Science is involved in the manufacture of materials such as iron, steel, ceramics, polymers, composites etc. that go into the manufacture of everything from computer chips and bricks to aircraft and medical devices. Newer and newer materials are being unvented such as dacron, titanium, teflon, polyurethanes, carbon fibre, and Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP) that are extremely useful to mankind.

(2) Training

PCM at + 2 level


IIT-JEE (Part 1 & 2)


B.Tech in Metallurgical Engineering & Materials Science at IIT-B,


M.Tech. / Ph.D.

(3 semesters)

MSc (Chemistry)

Mechanical Engg.


Electrochem Engg

(3) Useful Skills

  1. Knowledge of Computers: C, Fortran, Unix
  2. Technical hobbies like Photography, ham radio

(4) Upcoming Specializations

  1. Stereolithography
  2. Powder metallurgy
  3. Nanocomposites
  4. Biomaterials
  5. Microelectronics
  6. Smart materials
  7. Amorphousmetals

(5) Employment Avenues

i) Research Scientists & Engineers at

Metals processing

Medical devices

Pharma & drug delivery

Polymers & plastics

ii) Diversify into Biomedical Engineering, Microelectronics, Management

iii) Higher studies e.g. Ph.D/PostDoc abroad


(1) Introduction

Chemical engineering is one of the most versatile branches of engineering. It began in the design &setting up of large scale production plants to process naturally occurring raw materials into a variety of useful products such as pharmaceuticals, petroleum products, synthetic fibres, paper, plastics, rubber, paints, oils, foods etc. Over the years the scope of chem. eng. has widened quietly and it now interfaces with several emerging disciplines such as biomedical engineering, biotechnology, micro- electronics and materials science. The advantage of a degree in chem. eng. is that it has excellent industry-academia interaction that offers consistent job placement after graduation (irrespective of fluctuations in the stock market!).

(2) Training

PCM at +2 level

IIT-JEE (Parts 1 January and 2 May)

B.Tech at IIT-B

M.Tech (2 yrs) or Ph.D. or MBA

Post Doctoral

(3) Useful Skills

  1. Knowledge of computers: C, Fortran, Unix
  2. Technical hobbies like Photography
  3. GATE / GRE

(4) Upcoming Specializations

  1. Nanotechnology
  2. Colloid & Interfacial engineering
  3. Microstructural engineering, microscopy and imaging
  4. Polymers, and materials
  5. Synthetic fuels
  6. Separation Science: Membrane Technology & Supercritical
  7. Environment & Safety

(5) Employment Avenues

i) Research Scientists & engineers in several industries such as



Food processing

Plastics, paper, rubber



  1. One can also diversify into Biotechnology or Bio Medical Engineering or Management
  2. Higher studies e.g. PhD or Post Doctoral abroad (e.g. U.S.)
  3. Positions in academic institutions or administration